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Effective Studying 

  • Master First Principle

    • Develop a list of basic axioms in your subject that you can always work back to -relate all future concepts back to them.

  • Elaborative Interrogation

    • Deeply understand the reasons behind a concept, keep asking why/how? Until there’s no info left to cover

  • Ebbinghaus’ forgetting curve

    • Retention of new knowledge falls steeply right after the first encounter - successive reviews slows the rate of forgetting.

  • The Skeptical Second Party

    • Imagine (or better, get) someone who disagrees on the topic - then, reply to every objection with facts and logics from the material you learned.

  • Incremental Learning

    • Associate new knowledge with existing knowledge to increase memory and recall.

  • Triangulating Genius (perspectives)

    • Pick two to four brilliant experts with differing perspectives about a specific topic that you are learning and try to understand their viewpoints and how they argued their sides to understand the topic better.

  • Elaborative Interrogation (knowledge depth)

    • Ask yourself questions about how and why things work, and then produce the answers to those questions.

  • Feynman Technique (knowledge quality)

    • Take something that is hard to understand and try to clarify it in your mind by explaining it as if you were talking to a child.

  • Second brain

    • Method for saving and systematically reminding us of the ideas, inspirations, insights, and connections we’ve gained through our experience.

  • Inversion Learning (conceptual topics)

    • Look at problems backwards – instead of looking for the right answer, figure out what about the questions would make it incorrect.

  • Spacing Effect

    • Make your study sessions spaced out – studies have shown that learning in this method is more effective

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